THE ERRORS OF RUSSIA Part 1 The Bed of Revolution—Peeking Beneath the Sheets
1917—A Year of War and Peace For those who are not very literary, War and Peace is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, which is regarded as a central work of world literature and one of Tolstoy's finest literary achievements. The novel is set in the post-revolutionary period of Europe—the French revolution occurred in 1789 and was ‘exported’ throughout Europe in the 1800s. War and Peace chronicles the history of the French invasion of Russia and the impact of the Napoleonic era (a revolutionary era that overthrew monarchies and established order) on the Russian Tsarist society, by relating the stories of five Russian aristocratic families. The novel was first published in its entirety in 1869. The novel is set 60 years before Tolstoy's day, but he had spoken with people who lived through the 1812 French invasion of Russia. He read all the standard histories available in Russian and French about the Napoleonic Wars and had read letters, journals, autobiographies and biographies of Napoleon and other key players of that era. Tolstoy was critical of standard history. He explains at the start of the novel's third volume his own views on how history ought to be written. His aim was to blur the line between [the usual media] fiction and [the real] history, to get closer to the truth. In a similar way, you have the current Church’s ‘media fiction’ on the history of Fatima—especially the Third Secret of Fatima, and they you have the ‘real history’ of Fatima which includes the parts that the modern-day Church is hiding out of sight. The present-day Church is as masterful as any news media agency at the art of “fake news” and sadly the “sheeple” of this world gobble it all up gratefully and unquestioningly! We could say that 1917 was a year of “War and Peace”—the Russian Revolution was fomenting war and sowing the seeds of many future wars, while Our Lady was coming from Heaven with a heavenly peace plan. Our Lady first appeared at Fatima in May of 1917. The Russian Revolution that ushered in Communism took place that very same year, in 1917. An important part of the Fatima message, one that the present day Vatican seems determined to discount or revise at all account, are the words of the Virgin Mary about Russia. In her July 13th appearance to the three children, Our Lady said she would come to ask “for the consecration of Russia to My Immaculate Heart and the Communion of Reparation of the first Saturdays. If my requests are listened to, Russia will be converted and there will be peace… If not, she will spread her errors throughout the world.” In 1917, the Russian Revolution had barely started and nobody would have dreamed of a worldwide threat—that Communism eventually became—coming out of Russia! Our Lady later appeared to Sr. Lucia at Tuy, in 1929, where she asked specifically for the consecration of Russia by the Holy Father together with all the Bishops of the world to her Immaculate Heart.
This message was faithfully transmitted to Pope Pius XI, who did not heed Our Lady’s words. The world witnessed the consequent lightning expansion of Communism. The consecration as specified by Our Lady has not been made by the consequent Popes, although certain variations on the theme have been made, ten times in fact: three times by Pius XII, once by Paul VI, four times by John Paul II, once by Benedict XVI and finally once by Francis in May of 2017 (not including the time Francis consecrated his papacy to Our Lady of Fatima in 2013).
The ensemble of these attempts reveals an insecurity. If the first was the consecration that Our Lady asked for, why make the second? Why the third and the fourth? The ‘patch-up’ job has continued right up to the tenth, Pope Francis’s grossly inadequate consecration to the Immaculate Heart in 2017.
Despite this continuous mending or pretending process, the Vatican has insisted that the consecration was carried out, although not exactly as Our Lady asked. This statement is clearly open to discussion. Many authors, who are specialists on Fatima (clergy and non-clergy) do not agree with this false interpretation. If the Queen of Heaven set out certain conditions in clear-cut terms for the conversion of Russia, it does not seem possible to do anything but what she specified. Not one of the ten incomplete variations carries out her orders.
Back to Russia! Before we start talking about the effects of Russia—“the Errors of Russia”—let us first of all look at the cause of the effects. If there had been no Russian Revolution there would have been no “errors” of Russia that could be spread throughout the world.
As they say, “there are two sides to every story”—in court of law, there is the ‘story’ of the prosecuting attorney and also the ‘story’ of the defense attorney. When you stop two children fighting, each has their own story on how and why the fight occurred. Today we have revisionist historians who are trying to twist history into their own personal version of history. Lately, the term “fake news” has been popularized—meaning that some media outlets are twisting and hiding facts in order to prevent the truth from being really known, for one reason or another. History is likewise subject to relativization and subjectivism. So let us first of all look at the ‘official’ version or ‘sanitized’ version, or ‘genetically modified’ version of the Russian Revolution, and then take a look at the alternative version of the Russian Revolution, which has parts that were once removed, put back into place—parts that some do not want you to know.
Cause and Effect Every effect has a cause and every revolution has someone or something that causes it. A study of revolution brings up striking similarities and most revolutions strike in the same way. The French and Russian Revolutions were both highly influential, monumental events, and both revolutions comprised of striking similarities. Speaking of the ‘official’ side of history only, and leaving the hidden history aside for a moment, both these revolutions were similar in that both France and Russia had similar conditions before and after the revolution with strong support from the lower classes, but the Russian Revolution had Communist values while the French Revolution was deeply rooted in ideals of the ‘Enlightenment’―but any wise revolutionary is going to start a fire with the wood that is available to him in whichever country he finds himself in at the time.
In France and Russia leading up to their revolutions, the common people, interested in equality and justice, especially in France, were fed up with the luxury and superiority in which their authoritarian leaders lived—many of whom should have been practicing more Christian charity with their wealth. The established order, the French monarchy, was overthrown and replaced with a representative government. Likewise, in Russia, workers protested due to wartime shortages of food (during the First World War). Tsar Nicholas II wanted the protesters to be killed, but his own army turned against him. He then abdicated.
After the revolution, both countries ended up with authoritarian leaders. In France, there were the “Reign of Terror” which saw many executions, murders, assassinations and martyrdoms. Finally, Napoleon took control in 1799, suppressing the democratic aspects of the revolution in a military dictatorship. However, he did preserve civil equality, ‘religious freedom’ (the non-Catholic version), and promotion by merit. Similarly, the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia, committing many atrocities. Both countries started their revolutions trying to rid themselves of an authoritarian government, and paradoxically ended up with a different kind of authoritarian government after the revolution. The lower classes played important roles in both revolutions. They essentially sparked the revolutions. In Russia they started massive social upheaval, created unions, and seized control of factories. The common people of France got involved in the Revolution during the Storming of the Bastille. In addition, Russian and French peasants took and destroyed land from the landlords and aristocracy. Yet in all of these popular peasant uprisings, there were certain groups or people who instigated them for their own agendas—but more on that later. Armies in both countries were formed, comprising of lower and middle class men.
The (Official) Nuts and Bolts of the Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union. The Russian Empire collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II and the old regime was replaced by a provisional government during the first revolution of February 1917 (March in the Gregorian calendar; the older Julian calendar was in use in Russia at the time). Alongside it arose grassroots community assemblies (called ‘soviets’) which contended for authority. In the second revolution that October (November according to our Gregorian calendar), the Provisional Government was toppled and all power was given to the soviets.
► The FEBRUARY REVOLUTION (March 1917) was a revolution focused around Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg), the capital of Russia at that time. In the chaos, members of the Imperial parliament (the Duma) assumed control of the country, forming the Russian Provisional Government which was heavily dominated by the interests of large capitalists and the noble aristocracy. The army leadership felt they did not have the means to suppress the revolution, resulting in Nicholas’s abdication. The soviets, which were dominated by soldiers and the urban industrial working class, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias. The February Revolution took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War (1914–18), which left much of the Russian Army in a state of mutiny.
A period of dual power ensued, during which the Provisional Government held state power while the national network of soviets, led by Socialists, had the allegiance of the lower classes and, increasingly, the left-leaning urban middle class. During this chaotic period there were frequent mutinies, protests and many strikes. Many Socialist political organizations were engaged in daily struggle and vied for influence within the Duma and the soviets, central among which were the Bolsheviks (the word literally means “Ones of the Majority”) led by Vladimir Lenin who campaigned for an immediate end to the war, land to the peasants, and bread to the workers. When the Provisional Government chose to continue fighting the war with Germany, the Bolsheviks and other Socialist factions were able to exploit virtually universal disdain towards the war effort as justification to advance the revolution further. The Bolsheviks turned workers’ militias under their control into the Red Guards (later the Red Army) over which they exerted substantial control.
► In the OCTOBER REVOLUTION (November in the Gregorian calendar), the Bolsheviks led an armed insurrection by workers and soldiers in Petrograd that successfully overthrew the Provisional Government, transferring all its authority to the soviets with the capital being relocated to Moscow shortly thereafter. The Bolsheviks had secured a strong base of support within the soviets and, as the now supreme governing party, established a federal government dedicated to reorganizing the former empire into the world’s first Socialist republic, practicing soviet democracy on a national and international scale. The promise to end Russia’s participation in the First World War was honored promptly with the Bolshevik leaders signing the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in March 1918. To further secure the new state, the Cheka was established which functioned as a revolutionary security service that sought to weed out and punish those considered to be “enemies of the people” in campaigns consciously modeled on similar events during the French Revolution.
Soon after, civil war erupted among the “Reds” (Bolsheviks who were against the established order), the “Whites” (counter-revolutionaries who wanted to defend the established order), the independence movements and the non-Bolshevik Socialists. It continued for several years, during which the Bolsheviks defeated both the Whites and all rival Socialists and thereafter reconstituted themselves as the Communist Party. In this way, the Revolution paved the way for the creation of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in 1922. While many notable historical events occurred in Moscow and Petrograd, there was also a visible movement in cities throughout the state, among national minorities throughout the empire and in the rural areas, where peasants took over and redistributed land.
THE ERRORS OF RUSSIA Part 2 Who Was Behind the Russian Revolution?
American And English Bankers Funded The Russian Revolution! Why? It is now a pretty much undisputed fact that the Russian Revolution was financed from America and England, with a little help from some other European bankers. Why did American and English bankers fund the Russian Revolution? What would they stand to gain?
The funding of the Russian Revolution by US bankers had nothing to do with their desire to spread Communism or with sympathizing with the Communist cause. They funded the Bolsheviks for three main reasons: (1) the Russian oil fields, (2) for the establishment of a Central Bank in Russia, (3) and getting rid of the last Tsar.
Both America’s Standard Oil, which belonged to the Rockefeller family, and the Royal Dutch Shell, of which the Rothschild family were the major stock holders, had keen interests in the rich Russian oil fields. But these oil fields belonged to the Tsar Nicholas II.
The last three Tsars of Russia (Alexander II, Alexander III and Nicholas II) had always opposed the creation of a Central Bank in Russia by the international bankers.
The Tsar Nicholas II was not only in the way of the international bankers in regards to the Russian oil fields and the Central Bank, but was also well aware of the banker’s plot to control the world through finance. The Bolsheviks did not only kill Tsar Nicholas II, they also killed all the members of the Russian Royal family; including women and children.
But before going into these points in more detail, let us examine the Communist-Capitalist link by looking at the story of how they revolutionaries arrived in America and made their contacts and arrangements with their Capitalist backers.
The Explanation for this Unholy Alliance What motive explains this coalition of Capitalists and Bolsheviks? Russia was then — and is today — the largest untapped market in the world. Moreover, Russia, then and now, constituted the greatest potential competitive threat to American industrial and financial supremacy. (A glance at a world map is sufficient to spotlight the geographical difference between the vast land mass of Russia and the smaller United States.) Wall Street must have cold shivers when it visualizes Russia as a second super American industrial giant.
But why allow Russia to become a competitor and a challenge to U.S. supremacy? In the late nineteenth century, Morgan/Rockefeller, and Guggenheim had demonstrated their monopolistic proclivities. In Railroads and Regulation 1877-1916, the author Gabriel Kolko has demonstrated how the railroad owners, not the farmers, wanted state control of railroads in order to preserve their monopoly and abolish competition. So the simplest explanation of our evidence is that a syndicate of Wall Street financiers enlarged their monopoly ambitions and broadened horizons on a global scale. The gigantic Russian market was to be converted into a captive market and a technical colony to be exploited by a few high-powered American financiers and the corporations under their control.
The question that may arise in some minds might be: “Were these bankers also secret Bolsheviks?” No, of course not. The financiers were without ideology or political party―or, you could say, money and power was their ideology and political party, and they would do what it takes and support financially whoever they must, in order to increase their wealth and power. It would be a gross misinterpretation to assume that assistance for the Bolshevists was ideologically motivated, in any narrow sense. The financiers were power-motivated and therefore assisted any political vehicle that would give them an entree to power: Trotsky, Lenin, the Tsar, Kolchak, Denikin — all received aid, more or less. With their money, they tried to “buy-over” or “buy-out” all the players in the game, even though they were on opposing sides.
More Like Friends Than Enemies The top Communist leaders have never been as hostile to their counterparts in the West, as the rhetoric suggests. They are quite friendly to the world’s leading financiers and have worked closely with them, when it suits their purposes. As they say: “Money buys friends” and Holy Scripture adds: “Riches make many friends” (Proverbs 19:4). As we shall see in later, the Bolshevik revolution actually was financed by wealthy financiers in London and New York. Lenin and Trotsky were on the closest of terms with these moneyed interests both before and after the Revolution. Those hidden liaisons have continued to this day and occasionally pop to the surface, when we discover a David Rockefeller holding confidential meetings with a Mikhail Gorbachev in the absence of government sponsorship or diplomatic purpose.
One of the greatest myths of contemporary history is that the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia was a popular uprising of the downtrodden masses against the hated ruling class of the Tsars. As we shall see, however, the planning, the leadership and especially the financing came entirely from outside Russia, mostly from financiers in Germany, Britain and the United States. Furthermore, we shall see that the Rothschild formula played a major role in shaping these events.
Enter Jacob Schiff! Jacob Schiff was a Jewish-American banker and businessman. He was a member of a distinguished Ashkenazi Jewish rabbinical family. His father, Moses Schiff, was a broker for the Rothschilds. From his base on Wall Street, Jacob Schiff was the foremost Jewish leader from 1880 to 1920 in what later became known as the "Schiff era", grappling with all major Jewish issues and problems of the day, including the plight of Russian Jews under the Tsar, American and international anti-semitism, care of needy Jewish immigrants, and the rise of Zionism. He also became a director of many important corporations, including the National City Bank of New York, Equitable Life Assurance Society, Wells Fargo & Company, and the Union Pacific Railroad. Among many other things, he helped finance the expansion of American railroads and the Japanese military efforts against Tsarist Russia in the Russo-Japanese War.
Russian Revolution Myth One of the greatest myths of contemporary history is that the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia was a popular uprising of the downtrodden masses against the hated ruling class of the Tsars. As we shall see, however, the planning, the leadership and especially the financing came entirely from outside Russia, mostly from financiers in Germany, Britain and the United States.
This amazing story begins with that war between Russia and Japan in 1904. Jacob Schiff, who was head of the New York investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Company, had raised the capital for large war loans to Japan. It was due to this funding that the Japanese were able to launch a stunning attack against the Russians at Port Arthur and the following year to virtually decimate the Russian fleet. In 1905, the Mikado awarded Jacob Schiff a medal, the Second Order of the Treasure of Japan, in recognition of his important role in that campaign.
Jacob Schiff was head of the New York investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Co. He was one of the principal backers of the Bolshevik revolution and personally financed Trotsky’s trip from New York to Russia. He was a major contributor to Woodrow Wilson’s presidential campaign and an advocate for passage of the Federal Reserve Act. During the two years of hostilities with Japan, thousands of Russian soldiers and sailors were taken as prisoners. Sources outside of Russia, which were hostile to the Tsarist regime, paid for the printing of Marxist propaganda and had it delivered to the prison camps. Russian-speaking revolutionaries were trained in New York and sent to distribute the pamphlets among the prisoners and to indoctrinate them into rebellion against their own government. When the war was ended, these officers and enlisted men returned home to become virtual seeds of treason against the Tsar. They were to play a major role a few years later in creating mutiny among the military during the Communist takeover of Russia.
Trotsky Was A Multiple Agent One of the best known Russian revolutionaries at that time was Leon Trotsky. In January of 1916 Trotsky was expelled from France and came to the United States. It has been claimed that his expenses were paid by Jacob Schiff. There is no documentation to substantiate that claim, but the circumstantial evidence does point to a wealthy donor in New York. He remained for several months, while writing for a Russian socialist paper, the Novy Mir (New World) and giving revolutionary speeches at mass meetings in New York City. According to Trotsky himself, on many occasions a chauffeured limousine was placed at his service by a wealthy friend, identified as Dr. M. In his book, My Life, Trotsky wrote:
“The doctor’s wife took my wife and the boys out driving and was very kind to them. But she was a mere mortal, whereas the chauffeur was a magician, a titan, a superman! With the wave of his hand he made the machine obey his slightest command. To sit beside him was the supreme delight. When they went into a tea room, the boys would anxiously demand of their mother, “Why doesn’t the chauffeur come in?’” (Leon Trotsky: My Life, 1930, p. 277).
It must have been a curious sight to see the family of the great socialist radical, defender of the working class, enemy of capitalism, enjoying the pleasures of tea rooms and chauffeurs, the very symbols of capitalist luxury.
Celebrations in Carnegie Hall On March 23rd, 1917 a mass meeting was held at Carnegie Hall, to celebrate the abdication of Nicolas II, which meant the overthrow of Tsarist rule in Russia. Thousands of socialists, Marxists, nihilists and anarchists attended to cheer the event. The following day there was published, on page two of the New York Times, a telegram from Jacob Schiff, which had been read to this audience. He expressed regrets, that he could not attend and then described the successful Russian revolution as “...what we had hoped and striven for these long years”. (“Mayor Calls Pacifists Traitors”, The New York Times, March 24th, 1917, p. 2)
A Ton of Money In the February 3rd, 1949 issue of the New York Journal American Schiff’s grandson, John, was quoted by columnist Cholly Knickerbocker as saying that his grandfather had given about $20 million (around $400 million today) for the triumph of Communism in Russia. (To appraise Schiff’s motives for supporting the Bolsheviks, we must remember, that he was a Jew and that Russian Jews had been persecuted under the Tsarist regime. Consequently the Jewish community in America was inclined to support any movement, which sought to topple the Russian government and the Bolsheviks were excellent candidates for the task. As we shall see further along, however, there were also strong financial incentives for Wall Street firms, such as Kuhn, Loeb and Company, of which Schiff was a senior partner, to see the old regime fall into the hands of revolutionaries, who would agree to grant lucrative business concessions in the future in return for financial support today.)
When Trotsky returned to Petrograd in May of 1917 to organize the Bolshevik phase of the Russian Revolution, he carried $10,000 (around $200,000 in today’s money) for travel expenses, a generously ample fund considering the value of the dollar at that time. Trotsky was arrested by Canadian and British naval personnel, when the ship, on which he was traveling, the S.S. Kristianiafjord, put in at Halifax, Canada. The money in his possession is now a matter of official record. The source of that money has been the focus of much speculation, but the evidence strongly suggests, that its origin was the German government. It was a sound investment.
Trotsky was not arrested on a whim. He was recognized as a threat to the best interests of England, Canada’s mother country in the British Commonwealth. Russia was an ally of England in the First World War, which then was raging in Europe. Anything, that would weaken Russia ― and that certainly included internal revolution ― would be, in effect, to strengthen Germany and weaken England. In New York on the night before his departure Trotsky had given a speech, in which he said: “I am going back to Russia to overthrow the provisional government and stop the war with Germany.” (A full report on this meeting had been submitted to the U.S. Military Intelligence. See Senate Document No. 62, 66th Congress, Report and Hearings of the Subcommittee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, 1919, Vol. II, p. 2680). Trotsky therefore represented a real threat to England’s war effort. He was arrested as a German agent and taken as a prisoner of war.
Powerful Capitalist Forces Behind Trotsky With this in mind we can appreciate the great strength of those mysterious forces both in England and the United States, that intervened on Trotsky’s behalf. Immediately telegrams began to come into Halifax from such divergent sources, as an obscure attorney in New York City, from the Canadian Deputy Postmaster-General and even from a high-ranking British military officer, all inquiring into Trotsky’s situation and urging his immediate release. The head of the British Secret Service in America at the time was Sir William Wiseman, who, as fate would have it, occupied the apartment directly above the apartment of Edward Mandell House and who had become fast friends with him. House advised Wiseman, that President Wilson wished to have Trotsky released. Wiseman advised his government and the British Admiralty issued orders on April 21st, that Trotsky was to be sent on his way. (“Why Did We Let Trotsky Go? How Canada Lost an Opportunity to Shorten the War”, MacLeans magazine, Canada, June 1919. Also see Martin, pp. 163-164). It was a fateful decision that would affect, not only the outcome of the war, but the future of the entire world.
It would be a mistake to conclude, that Jacob Schiff and Germany were the only players in this drama. Trotsky could not have gone even as far as Halifax without having been granted an American passport and this was accomplished by the personal intervention of President Wilson. Professor Antony Sutton says:
“President Woodrow Wilson was the fairy godmother, who provided Trotsky with a passport to return to Russia to ‘carry forward’ the revolution... At the same time careful State Department bureaucrats, concerned about such revolutionaries entering Russia, were unilaterally attempting to tighten up passport procedures.” (Antony C. Sutton, Ph. D.: Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, 74, p. 25).
And there were others, as well. In 1911, the St. Louis Dispatch published a cartoon by a Bolshevik named Robert Minor. Minor was later to be arrested in Tsarist Russia for revolutionary activities and in fact was himself bankrolled by famous Wall Street financiers. Since we may safely assume, that he knew his topic well, his cartoon is of great historical importance. It portrays Karl Marx with a book entitled Socialism under his arm, standing amid a cheering crowd on Wall Street. Gathered around and greeting him with enthusiastic handshakes are characters in silk hats identified as John D. Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan, John D. Ryan of National City Bank, Morgan partner George W. Perkins and Teddy Roosevelt, leader of the Progressive Party.
What emerges from this sampling of events is a clear pattern of strong support for Bolshevism coming from the highest financial and political power centers in the United States; from men, who supposedly were “capitalists” and who according to conventional wisdom should have been the mortal enemies of socialism and communism.
Nor was this phenomenon confined to the United States. Trotsky in his book, My Life, tells of a British financier, who in 1907 gave him a “large loan” to be repaid after the overthrow of the Tsar. Arsene de Goulevitch, who witnessed the Bolshevik Revolution firsthand, has identified both the name of the financier and the amount of the loan. “In private interviews”, he said, “I have been told that over 21 million rubles were spent by Lord [Alfred] Milner in financing the Russian Revolution... The financier just mentioned was by no means alone among the British to support the Russian revolution with large financial donations.” Another name, specifically mentioned by de Goulevitch, was that of Sir George Buchanan, the British Ambassador to Russia at the time. (See Arsene de Goulevitch: Czarism and Revolution, pp. 224, 230)
It was one thing for Americans to undermine Tsarist Russia and thus indirectly help Germany in the war, because Americans were not then into it, but for British citizens to do so was tantamount to treason. To understand, what higher loyalty compelled these men to betray their battlefield ally and to sacrifice the blood of their own countrymen, we must take a look at the unique organization, to which they belonged―The Round Table.
Round Table Agents in Russia The Round Table movement, founded in 1909, was an association of organizations promoting closer union between Britain and its self-governing colonies. The framework of the organization was devised by Lionel Curtis, but the overall idea was due to Lord Alfred Milner. According to the Harvard and Princeton historian, Professor Quigley, academic Carroll Quigley believed that the Round Table Group was the front for a secret society set up by Cecil Rhodes named the Society of the Elect to implement the diamond magnate’s, Cecil Rhodes’s plan to unite all English-speaking nations.
In Russia prior to and during the revolution there were many local observers, tourists and newsmen, who reported, that British and American agents were everywhere, particularly in Petrograd, providing money for insurrection. On report said, for example, that British agents were seen handing out 25-rouble notes to the men at the Pavlovski regiment just a few hours, before it mutinied against its officers and sided with the revolution. The subsequent publication of various memoirs and documents made it clear, that this funding was provided by Lord Milner and channeled through Sir George Buchanan, who was the British Ambassador to Russia at the time (de Goulevitch, p. 230). It was a repeat of the ploy that had worked so well for the Round Table cabal many times in the past. Round Table members were once again working both sides of the conflict to weaken and topple a target government. Tsar Nicholas had every reason to believe, that since the British were Russia’s allies in the war against Germany, British officials would be the last persons on Earth to conspire against him. Yet the British Ambassador himself represented the hidden group, which was financing the regime’s downfall.
The Round Table Agents from America did not have the advantage of using the diplomatic service as cover and therefore had to be considerably more ingenious. They came not as diplomats, or even as interested businessmen, but disguised as Red Cross officials on a humanitarian mission. The group consisted almost entirely of financiers, lawyers and accountants from New York banks and investment houses. They simply had overpowered the American Red Cross organization with large contributions and in effect purchased a franchise to operate in its name. Professor Sutton tells us:
“The 1910 [Red Cross] fund-raising campaign for $2 million, for example, was successful only, because it was supported by these wealthy residents of New York City. J.P. Morgan himself contributed $100,000 ... Henry P. Davison [a Morgan partner] was chairman of the 1910 New York Fund-Raising Committee and later became chairman of the War Council of the American Red Cross ... The Red Cross was unable to cope with the demands of World War I, and, in effect, was taken over by these New York bankers.” (Sutton: Revolution, p. 72).
For the duration of the war the Red Cross had been made nominally a part of the armed forces and subject to orders from the proper military authorities. It was not clear, who these authorities were and, in fact, there were never any orders, but the arrangement made it possible for the participants to receive military commissions and wear the uniform of American army officers. The entire expense of the Red Cross Mission in Russia, including the purchase of uniforms, was paid for by the man, who was appointed by President Wilson to become its head, “Colonel” William Boyce Thompson.
William Boyce Thompson was a classical specimen of the Round Table network. Having begun his career as a speculator in copper mines, he soon moved into the world of high finance. He
● refinanced the American Woolen Company and the Tobacco Products Company; ● launched the Cuban Cane Sugar Company; ● purchased controlling interest in the Pierce Arrow Motor Car Company; ● organized the Submarine Boat Corporation and the Wright-Martin Aeroplane Company; ● became a director of the Chicago Rock Island & Pacific Railway, the Magma Arizona Railroad and the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; ● was one of the heaviest stockholders in the Chase National Bank; ● was the agent for J.P. Morgan’s British securities operation; ● became the first full-time director of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the most important bank in the Federal Reserve System; ● and of course contributed a quarter-million dollars to the Red Cross.
William Boyce Thompson and Russia When Thompson arrived in Russia, he made it clear, that he was not your typical Red Cross representative. According to Hermann Hagedorn, Thompson’s biographer:
“He deliberately created the kind of setting, which would be expected of an American magnate: established himself in a suite in the Hotel de l’Europe, bought a French limousine, went dutifully to receptions and teas and evinced an interest in objects of art. Society and the diplomats, noting that here was a man of parts and power, began to flock about him. He was entertained at the embassies, at the houses of Kerensky’s ministers. It was discovered that he was a collector and those with antiques to sell, fluttered around him offering him miniatures, Dresden china, tapestries, even a palace or two.” (Hermann Hagedorn: The Magnate: William Boyce Thompson and His Time, pp. 192-93).
When Thompson attended the opera, he was given the imperial box. People on the street called him "the American Tsar". And it is not surprising, that, according to George Kennan, “He was viewed by the Kerensky authorities as the ‘real’ ambassador of the United States.” (George F. Kennan: Russia Leaves the War: Soviet-American Relations, 1917-1920, p. 60).
It is now a matter of record, that William Boyce Thompson syndicated the purchase on Wall Street of Russian bonds, in the amount of ten million Russian roubles. (Hagedorn, p. 192). In addition, he gave over two million Russian roubles to Aleksandr Kerensky for propaganda purposes inside Russia and, with J.P. Morgan, gave the rouble equivalent of one million dollars (worth $20 million today) to the Bolsheviks for the spreading of revolutionary propaganda outside of Russia, particularly in Germany and Austria. (Sutton: Revolution, pp. 83, 91). It was the agitation made possible by this funding, that led to the abortive German Spartacus Revolt of 1918. (See article “W.B. Thompson, Red Cross Donor, Believes Party Misrepresented” in the Washington Post of Feb. 2nd, 1918).
At first it may seem incompatible that the Morgan group would provide funding for both Kerensky and Lenin. These men may have both been socialist revolutionaries, but they were miles apart in their plans for the future and in fact were bitter competitors for control of the new government. But the tactic of funding both sides in a political contest by then had been refined by members of the Round Table into a fine art. A stunning example of this occurred in South Africa during the outset of the Boer War in 1899.
A June 15th, 1933, Congressional Record, notes that Congressman Louis McFadden, chairman of the House Banking Committee, maintained in a speech to his fellow Congressman: “The Soviet government has been given United States Treasure funds by the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Reserve Banks acting through the Chase Bank and the Guaranty Trust Company and other banks in New York City. … Open up the books of Amtorg, the trading organization of the Soviet government in New York, and of Gostorg, the general office of the Soviet Trade Organization, and of the State Bank of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and you will be staggered to see how much American money has been taken from the United States’ Treasury for the benefit of Russia.”
Wall Street Finances Enemies A curious dilemma arises when faced with the documented fact that Wall Street funded both Communists and Nazis. First, it would seem these two forms of government are at opposite ends of the political spectrum. And that Capitalists would see them as a threat to their growth. Obviously these men had no fear of international Communism. It is only logical to assume that if they financed Communism, and are willing–even eager–to cooperate with it, it must be because they knew they could control it. Can there be another explanation that makes sense? Remember that for over 100 years it has been a standard operating procedure of the Rockefellers and their allies to control both sides of every conflict.
Before Winston Churchill became Prime Minister of Great Britain, he acknowledged a conscious effort of wealthy people to install a Communist dictatorship in Russia. Churchill wrote in the February 18th, 1920 issue of the London Illustrated Sunday Herald, that “From the days of Spartacus [Adam] Weishaupt … to those of Karl Marx, to those of Trotsky, Bella Kuhn, Rose Luxembourg, and Emma Goldman, this world-wide conspiracy has been steadily growing.” He affirmed, “It has been the mainspring of every subversive movement during the 19th century; and now at last, this band of extraordinary personalities from the underworld of the great cities of Europe and America have gripped the Russian people by the hair of their heads and have become practically undisputed masters of that enormous empire.”
After the Bolshevik Revolution, Wall Street ensured the Communists would retain control of Russia. The historian, Professor Sutton described this effort when he wrote, “On May 1st, 1918, when the Bolsheviks controlled only a small fraction of Russia (and were to come near to losing even that fraction in the summer of 1918), the American League to Aid and Cooperate with Russia was organized, in Washington, D.C., to support the Bolsheviks. This was not a ‘Hands off Russia’ type of committee formed by the Communist Party U.S.A or its allies. It was a committee created by Wall Street with George P. Whalen of Vacuum Oil Company as Treasurer and Coffin and Oudin of General Electric, along with Thompson of the Federal Reserve System, Willard of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, and assorted socialists.”
The Bolsheviks were not a visible political force at the time the Czar abdicated. Furthermore, they did not come to power because of the downtrodden masses of Russia called them back, but because very powerful men in Europe and the United States sent them in. Lenin and Trotsky joined up, and, by November, though bribery, cunning, brutality and deception, they were able, not to convince the masses to rally to their cause, but they hired enough thugs and made enough deals with USA and British money to impose, out of the gun barrel, what Lenin called "all power to the Soviets."
Having created their colony in Russia, the Rockefellers and their allies have struggled mightily ever since to keep it alive. Beginning in 1918 this clique has been engaged in transferring money and, probably more important, technical information to the Soviet Union. Probably no name symbolized capitalism more than Rockefeller. Yet that family has for decades supplied trade and credit to Communist nations. After the Bolsheviks took power, the Rockefellers’ Standard Oil of New Jersey bought up Russian oil fields, while Standard Oil of New York built the soviets a refiner and made an arrangement to market their oil in Europe. During the 1920’s the Rockefellers’ Chase Bank helped found the American-Russian Chamber of Commerce, and was involved in financing Soviet raw material exports and selling Soviet bonds in the U.S.
According to Senator Barry Goldwater, Chase Manhattan built a truck factory in Russia which could also be used to produce armored vehicles such as tanks and even rocket launchers. American technology helped the Soviets construct the $5 billion Kama River truck factory, which was successfully converted by the Kremlin to military purposes.
Wall Street continued to aid the Russian Communists as they supplied the Vietnamese Communists that Americans were fighting in Vietnam. In the late 1960s, Rockefeller and other industrialists, built synthetic rubber plants and an aluminum factory totaling about 250 million dollars. Professor Sutton observed, “these American Capitalists were willing to finance and subsidize the Soviet Union while the Vietnam War was underway, knowing that the Soviets were supplying the other side.”
An article appeared in the New York Times on January 16, 1967, which carried the headline, “Eaton Joins Rockefellers to Spur Trade with Reds.” The article noted that the Rockefellers were teaming up with tycoon Cyrus Eaton, Jr., who was financing for the Soviet block the construction of a $50 million aluminum plant and rubber plants valued at over $200 million. The Chase Bank, which maintains a branch office at 1 Karl Marx Square in Moscow, has gained notoriety for financing projects behind the Iron Curtain.
W. Averill Harriman was made U.S. Ambassador to the USSR in 1941. A report by Averell Harriman to the State Department, in June, 1944 as stated that Stalin paid tribute to the assistance rendered by the United States to Soviet industry before and during the war. It is not an exaggeration to say that the USSR was made in the USA.
Referring to Professor Sutton’s book, Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution, he wrote, “No one has even attempted to refute Sutton’s almost excessively scholarly works. They can’t. But the misinformation machines that compose our 'media-cracy' can ignore such things. And they do.” Sutton's book is based on assiduous research, including a deeper probe into State Department files.
Professor Sutton warned, “The synthesis sought by the Establishment is called the New World Order. Without controlled conflict this New World Order will not come about. … And this is being done with the calculated, managed, use of conflict. … This explains why the International bankers backed the Nazis, the Soviet Union, [and] North Korea … against the United States. The ‘conflict’ … [builds] profits while pushing the world ever closer to One World Government. The process continues today.”
The evidence that many researchers present, which includes mainstream news and State Department records, suggests that Communist Russia was not only heavily funded by Wall Street, but was the actual creation of Wall Street. The Communist Revolution was instigated by Wall Street. Wall Street continued to build Russia even as they supplied aid to a country that America was at war with. Because they created Communist Russia, it is highly likely that they must have known about the millions of people that were to be murdered and eventually were murdered. What the revolution of 100 years ago did to Russia, the revolution of today is likely to do to America. The "Errors of Russia" are ultimately "Made in the USA."
The Jews Claim Responsibility For The Russian Revolution It has been stated that financiers in America, England and Germany were the financial backers for the Russian Revolution. Additionally, around the time the Revolution took place and in its aftermath, many Jewish sources claimed to have masterminded the Russian Revolution. Here are their claims categorized by date, they are all from Jewish authors, Jewish newspapers and Jewish periodicals:
► 1905: “The revolution in Russia is a Jewish revolution” (The Maccabean [New York], November 1905, p, 250).
► 1918: “The real East Sider [New York Jew Trotsky] is at the head of things in Russia.” (M. L. Larkin, in The Public [New York], November 23rd, 1918, p. 1433).
► 1919: “The Jews [have been] furnishing for the Bolsheviks the majority of their leaders” (The Jewish World [London], April 16th, 1919, p. 11).
► 1920: “The East-Side Jew [Trotsky] that Conquered Europe” (The Liberator [New York], March 1920, pp. 26-27).
► 1920: “That achievement ― the Russian-Jewish revolution ― destined to figure in history as the overshadowing result of World War, was largely the outcome of Jewish thinking, of Jewish discontent, of Jewish effort to reconstruct.” (The American Hebrew, September 10th, 1920).
► 1920: “The Jewish elements provide the driving forces for Communism” (Dr. Oscar Levy, in George Pitt-Rivers, The World Significance of the Russian Revolution [Oxford, 1920], p. ix).
► 1927: “Russian Jews have taken a prominent part in the Bolshevist movement” (The American Hebrew [New York], November 18th, 1927, p. 20).
► 1928: “Jewry has come to wield a considerable power in the Communist Party.” (Dr. Avrahm Yarmolinsky, in The Menorah Journal [New York], July 1928, p. 37).
► 1932: “It would be absurd to deny the intensity of the Jewish participation in the Russian revolutionary movement.” (Leon Dennen, in The Menorah Journal [New York] July-September 1932, p. 106).
► 1935: “Some call it Marxism ― I call it Judaism.” (Rabbi Stephen S. Wise, in the American Bulletin of May 15th, 1935).
► 1936: “Jewry is the mother of Marxism.” (Le Droit de Vivre, May 12th, 1936).
► 1936: “The picture which the Soviet Union presents today is one that should bring rejoicing to world Jewry.” (The Youngstown Jewish Times, September 18th, 1936, page 51).
► 1939: “Judaism is Marxism, Communism” (Harry Waton, A Program for the Jews and an Answer to All Anti-Semites [New York: Committee for the Preservation of the Jews, 1939], p. 64).
► 1939: “The Communist soul is the soul of Judaism.” (Harry Waton, A Program for the Jews and an Answer to All Anti-Semites [New York: Committee for the Preservation of the Jews, 1939], p. 143).
► 1939: “We Jews cannot be called upon to denounce Communism.” (The American Hebrew [New York], February 3rd, 1939, p. 11).
So all in all, as we can see, the Russian Revolution is not all that it first seems to be.
THE ERRORS OF RUSSIA Part 3 The Beginning of the Erroneous 'Cancers' of Russia
First of all, let us browse the following maps for a visual assessment of the current positions Communism or Socialism holds throughout the world in our day.
The above map shows more than just Communist or Socialist governments. It also includes areas where Communist or Socialist activity and influence is felt, even though the government may not be Communist of Socialist.
RUSSIA AND RELIGION
Karl Marx On Religion Karl Marx author of the Communist Manifesto, lived from 1818 to 1883 and would not see his theory put into practice by the Communists in Russia. Karl Marx’s religious views have been the subject of much interpretation. He famously stated in Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right:
“Religious suffering is, at one and the same time, the expression of real suffering and a protest against real suffering. Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, and the soul of soulless conditions. It is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion as the illusory happiness of the people is the demand for their real happiness. To call on them to give up their illusions about their condition is to call on them to give up a condition that requires illusions. The criticism of religion is, therefore, in embryo, the criticism of that vale of tears of which religion is the halo. Criticism has plucked the imaginary flowers on the chain not in order that man shall continue to bear that chain without fantasy or consolation, but so that he shall throw off the chain and pluck the living flower. The criticism of religion disillusions man, so that he will think, act, and fashion his reality like a man who has discarded his illusions and regained his senses, so that he will move around himself as his own true Sun. Religion is only the illusory Sun which revolves around man as long as he does not revolve around himself.”
Lenin On Religion Vladimir Lenin was involved in Communist Russia's politics from 1917 to his death in 1924. In his book, Religion, was highly critical of religion, saying: “Atheism is a natural and inseparable part of Marxism, of the theory and practice of scientific socialism.”
In “About The Attitude Of The Working Party Toward The Religion”, Lenin wrote: “Religion is the opium of the people: this saying of Marx is the cornerstone of the entire ideology of Marxism about religion. All modern religions and churches, all and of every kind of religious organizations are always considered by Marxism as the organs of bourgeois reaction, used for the protection of the exploitation and the stupefaction of the working class.”
However, while Lenin was critical of religion, he also specifically made a point to not include it in Our Programme, or his ideological goals, saying: “But under no circumstances ought we to fall into the error of posing the religious question in an abstract, idealistic fashion, as an “intellectual” question unconnected with the class struggle, as is not infrequently done by the radical-democrats from among the bourgeoisie. It would be stupid to think that, in a society based on the endless oppression and coarsening of the worker masses, religious prejudices could be dispelled by purely propaganda methods. It would be bourgeois narrow-mindedness to forget that the yoke of religion that weighs upon mankind is merely a product and reflection of the economic yoke within society. No number of pamphlets and no amount of preaching can enlighten the proletariat, if it is not enlightened by its own struggle against the dark forces of capitalism. Unity in this really revolutionary struggle of the oppressed class for the creation of a paradise on Earth is more important to us than unity of proletarian opinion on paradise in Heaven.”
Stalin and Religion Joseph was involved in Communist Russia's politics in varying roles from 1922 to 1953. The USSR anti-religious campaign of 1928–1941 was a new phase of anti-religious persecution in the Soviet Union following the anti-religious campaign of 1921–1928. The campaign began in 1929, with the drafting of new legislation that severely prohibited religious activities and called for a heightened attack on religion in order to further disseminate atheism. This had been preceded in 1928 at the fifteenth party congress, where Joseph Stalin criticized the party for failure to produce more active and persuasive anti-religious propaganda. This new phase coincided with the beginning of the forced mass collectivization of agriculture and the nationalization of the few remaining private enterprises. Many of those who had been arrested in the 1920s would continue to remain in prison throughout the 1930s and beyond.
The main target of the anti-religious campaign in the 1920s and 1930s was the Russian Orthodox Church, which had the largest number of faithful. Nearly all of its clergy, and many of its believers, were shot or sent to labor camps. Theological schools were closed, and church publications were prohibited. More than 85,000 Orthodox priests were shot in 1937 alone. Only a twelfth of the Russian Orthodox Church's priests were left functioning in their parishes by 1941.
In the period between 1927 and 1940, the number of Orthodox Churches in the Russian Republic fell from 29,584 to less than 500.
The campaign slowed down in the late 1930s and early 1940s, and came to an abrupt end after the commencement of Operation Barbarossa. The challenge produced by the German invasion would ultimately prevent the public withering away of religion in Soviet society.
This campaign, like the campaigns of other periods that formed the basis of the USSR's efforts to eliminate religion and replace it with atheism supported with a materialist world view, was accompanied with official claims that there was no religious persecution in the USSR, and that believers who were being targeted were for other reasons.
Believers were in fact being widely targeted and persecuted for their belief or promotion of religion, as part of the state's campaign to disseminate atheism, but officially the state claimed that no such persecution existed and that the people being targeted ― when they admitted that people were being targeted ― were only being attacked for resistance to the state or breaking the law. This guise served Soviet propaganda abroad, where it tried to promote a better image of itself especially in light of the great criticism against it from foreign religious influences.
Nikolai Bukharin and Evgenii Preobrazhensky On Religion Nikolai Bukharin (1888–1938) was a Russian Bolshevik revolutionary, Soviet politician and prolific author on revolutionary theory. As a young man, he spent six years in exile, working closely with fellow exiles Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky. After the revolution of February 1917, he returned to Moscow, where his Bolshevik credentials earned him a high rank in the party, and after the October Revolution, he became editor of the party newspaper Pravda.
Yevgeni Preobrazhensky (1886–1937) was a Russian revolutionary and economist. A member of the governing Central Committee of the Bolshevik faction and, its successor, the All-Union Communist Party, Preobrazhensky is remembered as a leading voice for the rapid industrialization of peasant Russia through a concentration on state-owned heavy industry. Closely associated with Leon Trotsky and the Left Opposition movement of the 1920s, Preobrazhensky fell afoul of the secret police during the decade of the 1930s.
In their influential book The ABC of Communism, Nikolai Bukharin and Yevgeni Preobrazhensky spoke out strongly against religion. "Communism is incompatible with religious faith", they wrote. However, importance was placed on secularism and non-violence towards the religious.
"But the campaign against the backwardness of the masses in this matter of religion, must be conducted with patience and considerateness, as well as with energy and perseverance. The credulous crowd is extremely sensitive to anything which hurts its feelings. To thrust atheism upon the masses, and in conjunction therewith to interfere forcibly with religious practices and to make mock of the objects of popular reverence, would not assist but would hinder the campaign against religion. If the Church were to be persecuted, it would win sympathy among the masses, for persecution would remind them of the almost forgotten days when there was an association between religion and the defense of national freedom; it would strengthen the anti-Semitic movement; and in general it would mobilize all the vestiges of an ideology which is already beginning to die out."
Religion in the Old Soviet Union The Soviet Union was an atheist state, in which religion was largely discouraged and at times heavily persecuted. According to various Soviet and Western sources, however, over one-third of the country’s people professed religious belief. Christianity and Islam had the most believers. Christians belonged to various churches: Orthodox, which had the largest number of followers; Catholic; and Baptist and other Protestant denominations. The majority of the Islamic faithful were Sunni. Judaism also had many followers. Other religions, which were practiced by a relatively small number of believers, included Buddhism and Shamanism.
The role of religion in the daily lives of Soviet citizens varied greatly. Two-thirds of the Soviet population, however, were irreligious. About half the people, including members of the ruling Communist Party and high-level government officials, professed atheism. For the majority of Soviet citizens, therefore, religion seemed irrelevant.
Religion in Russia Today Prior to its collapse in late 1991, official figures on religion in the Soviet Union were not available. In 2013, the Public Opinion Foundation, reported that 25% of Russians do not consider themselves to be believers. Over the past two decades, since the collapse of the Soviet Union, there has been an upsurge in affiliation with Orthodox Christianity in Russia.1 Between 1991 and 2008, the share of Russian adults identifying as Orthodox Christian rose from 31% to 72%, according to a new Pew Research Center. Today, Orthodox Christianity is Russia's largest religion with 75% of the population belonging to the Orthodox Christian denomination.
There also has been a modest increase in some measures of religious commitment. For example, the share of Russian adults who said they are at least “somewhat” religious rose from 11% in 1991 to 54% in 2008. And the portion of adults who said they believe in God rose from 38% to 56% over the same period.
But for most Russians, the return to religion did not correspond with a return to church. Across all three waves of ISSP data, no more than about one-in-ten Russians said they attend religious services at least once a month. The share of regular attenders (monthly or more often) was 2% in 1991, 9% in 1998 and 7% in 2008. This suggests that although many more Russians now freely identify with the Orthodox Church or other religious groups, they may not be much more religiously observant than they were in the recent past, at least in terms of attendance at religious services.
THE ERRORS OF RUSSIA Part 4 Russia and Freemasonry This article us currently being written. Sections will be posted as they are completed. Please check back later.
Birth of Modern Day Freemasonry Freemasonry, in its present form, was officially born in London, back in 1717. Freemasonry in Russia started in the 18th century, in 1731, in the German Quarter of Moscow, and has continued to the present day. Freemasonry was brought to Russia by foreign (non-Russian) officers in the Russian service. Masonry in Russia was mainly the preserve of foreign residents, chiefly British and German. On January 24th, 1731, the Grand Lodge of England appointed a Captain John Phillips as Provincial Grand Master of Russia and Germany. This empowered him to establish lodges in Russia, which would have been ultimately under the control of London.
England Exports Freemasonry to Russia Around 1741, the Grand Lodge of England appointed, as Phillips’ successor, a Scots Jacobite, James Keith (1696-1758), who had fought in the Russian and Prussian service. Official records show James Keith is recorded as being master of a lodge in Saint Petersburg in 1732-34. Several years later his cousin John Keith, 3rd Earl of Kintore was appointed provincial grand master of Russia by the Grand Lodge of England.
Russian Monarchs Initially Fall For Freemasonry Masonry took root in Russia in the reign of the Empress Elizabeth (1741-62), particularly among the nobility, and flourished for most of the reign of Catherine the Great (1762-96). The Russian Empress, Catherine, allowed her “Mr. Do-It-All”, Ivan Yelagin (Freemason Provincial Grand Master), to reorganize Russian Freemasonry into a far-reaching nationwide system that united some 14 lodges and about 400 government officials. He secured English authorization of the first Russian Grand Lodge and became its provincial grand master. He favored an archaic ritual of blood initiation which involved a symbolic commingling of blood.
Russia's High-Society began to join the Freemasons only in the 1740s and 1750s. At that time freemasonry was more fashion than calling. Members of the first Russian lodge under the leadership of Count Roman Voronzov were nobles with famous names: Sumarokov, Count Golovin, the Prince Golitsyn. At the beginning of the reign of Catherine the Great, Freemasonry was already so popular that the rulers were also drawn to it.
From the very beginning, only the best and the brightest were selected to become Russian Masons. At the time, that meant―of course―initiating aristocrats. The basic idea behind Freemasonry―the initiates were told―was to make “good men” even better, so that the “good works” of these men would benefit society. A man named Anderson was a major liaison link between London and Russia.
However, shortly after the lodges in Russia were established a problem arose: the Russian Masons wanted to know the identity of the “Top Mason” in England giving out orders. All Anderson would tell them was that instructions came from “the unknown superior”. Not recognizing that as a definitive and clear answer, the aristocrats became disillusioned and abandoned Freemasonry. The early lodges simply closed down.
Catherine Smells Something Freemasonly Fishy Catherine the Great finally turned against the Freemasons, after having allowed their presence and growth. Catherine suspected the Masons of turning her son Paul against herself, of being a tool in the hands of her enemy King of Prussia, and viewed their attitude toward women as backwards. In 1785, she clamped down upon Novikov’s Freemason printing house and had some 461 titles confiscated. When Catherine saw her new palace in Tsaritsyno adorned with ornamentation suggestive of the cryptic symbols of Freemasonry, Catherine had it pulled down. Novikov was later jailed, and other leading Freemasons had to flee Russia.
Freemasonry Springs Back Anti-Masonic measures were revoked as soon as Paul ascended the Russian throne in 1796. Increasingly haunted by the specter of the French Revolution, Paul came to distrust Freemasonry and Martinism. Within three years of his reign all secret societies were suppressed, and the lodges closed of their own accord. Two years later Paul was assassinated.
Freemasonry would return during the reign of Tsar Alexander I, the successor of the murdered Tsar Paul. The lodges flourished under Alexander’s reign, although it remains unknown whether Alexander himself was an initiate. Alexander enjoyed philosophizing with the exiled French senator, diplomat and scholar, Joseph de Maistre – a Jesuit-trained Scottish rite Freemason. De Maistre was a mystical “spiritualist” and their very private talks about Freemasonry profoundly affected the impressionable Tsar.
When Alexander’s troops triumphed over the Grand Armée of Napoleon and entered Paris in 1815, Alexander gave specific instructions to his officers to socialize with the French Masons there. What the Tsar did not know was that these particular French Masons were highly political ― espousing liberal, anti-monarchist views and shouting “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” while drinking with their new-found friends from abroad.
Shortly after their return home, these very same Russian officers began planning an uprising against the Monarchy! Alexander I was no longer around, however, having been buried at the Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral. Some insisted he was still alive and had simply walked away from his “day job” to became a reclusive monk (Interestingly, Soviet authorities opened up his coffin in the 1920s only to find it empty).
‘Wised-Up’ Tsars Try to Crush Masonry Since Freemasonry had, as one of its many goals, to crush the established monarchies of Europe, it is only normal that once these monarchs got a whiff of what was going on, then they would try to crush those who were trying to crush them! The new Tsar―Nicholas I―would decisively crush this Masonic uprising on Senate Square in St Petersburg in 1825. The brave and idealistic rebels―now known collectively as the Decembrists―were almost all Masons dedicated to giving up their lives in order to light a “spark” and change society for the better.
Over the years, Alexander had grown from a young forward-looking ruler to reactionary ruler over a suspicious government. Masonry no longer held a favored position. In the period of reaction following the Napoleonic wars, however, with the spread of revolutionary secret societies, Alexander I, on August 1st, 1822, without warning, issued a decree prohibiting masonry, and commanding the closing of all Masonic lodges and all secret societies in general. On August 10th, the last open meeting of Russian Masons was held. It was certainly a fact that most of the army officers, who participated in the abortive Decembrist revolution on Alexander’s death in 1825, were former Masons.
This brought about the abolition of the Freemason Craft in Russia, although secret meetings are known to have continued. There were isolated cases of lodges continuing to meet in St. Petersburg and Moscow and even more so in the provinces, but the official acceptance and influence of Russian Freemasonry was broken. Thereafter, Russian Freemasonry existed in limbo.
The next two Tsars—Alexander II and Alexander III—also tried to keep Freemasonry at bay. It was only in 1905—at the time of the first notable revolutionary uprising in Russia—that Freemasonry was again allowed to flourish.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the government. It included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies. It led to Constitutional Reform including the establishment of the State Duma, the multi-party system, and the Russian Constitution of 1906. Freemasonry was legalized and enjoyed a brief revival after the First Russian Revolution 0f 1905. The Grand Orient of Russian People seceded from the Grand Orient de France, with Nikolai Nekrasov and Alexander Kerensky as its main leaders.
Kerensky and Freemasonry Alexander Kerensky was best known in Russia as a deputy of the State Duma, the lower house of Parliament. He made his most famous statement just days before the February Revolution in 1917: “The historical task of the Russian people now is the immediate destruction of the medieval regime …There is only one way of fighting those who break the law, and that’s their physical destruction.” He uttered these words less than two weeks before the uprising. Empress Alexandra Feodorovna was appalled by what he said and wanted him hung. However―in a twist of fate―her life and and lives of her closest relatives would soon depend on Kerensky.
Kerensky entered the Duma (Russian Parliament) in 1912 as a member of the Socialist Revolutionary Party. After becoming a deputy Kerensky joined a Masonry society ― as was the fashion of many parliamentarians. He became the general secretary of the Supreme Council of Grand Orient of Russia’s People, an influential Masonic lodge uniting many famous political figures, most of whom worked in the Duma. On account of this - and his ill words aimed at the Tsar and the Imperial establishment - Kerensky was suspected of being involved in a Masonic conspiracy to topple and kill Russia’s monarchy.
A possible conspiracy hatched by the Masons, as a main driving force behind the events in February 1917, has been a popular theory used to explain the blistering collapse of the Imperial order. There is a long tradition of scholarly research discussing the possible impact the Masons had on the Revolution. According to historian Piotr Multatuli, Kerensky played a prominent role in the events of 1917 due to his Masonic ties in Russia and abroad.
Leon Trotsky and Freemasonry Mr. Leiba Bronstein (later known as Trotsky) became a Freemason in 1897 and later a high-ranking Illuminatus through his friend Alexander Parvus. He also maintained contacts with B’nai B’rith, a Jewish Masonic order, which had previously aided Jewish “revolutionaries” in Russia.
Jacob Schiff, chairman of the banking house Kuhn, Loeb & Co., and a minion of the Rothschilds, took care of the contacts between the “revolutionary movement in Russia” and B’nai B’rith. (Gerald B. Winrod, Adam Weishaupt ― A Human Devil, p. 47.)
Leiba Bronstein (Trotsky) began to study Freemasonry and the history of the secret societies seriously in 1898, and continued these studies during the two years he spent in prison in Odessa. He took notes amounting to over 1,000 pages. Internationaler Freimaurer-Lexikon (1932, p. 204) reluctantly admits that Leiba Bronstein (Trotsky) came to Bolshevism through this study of Feemasonry.
Trotsky writes: “It was during that period that I became interested in Freemasonry ... In the eighteenth century Freemasonry became expressive of a militant policy of enlightenment, as in the case of the Illuminati, who were the forerunners of the revolution; on its left it culminated in the Carbonari. Freemasons counted among their members both Louis XVI and the Dr. Guillotin who invented the guillotine. In southern Germany, Freemasonry assumed an openly revolutionary character, whereas at the court of Catherine the Great, it was a masquerade reflecting the aristocratic and bureaucratic hierarchy. A Freemason, Novikov, was exiled to Siberia by a Freemason Empress.
“I discontinued my work on Freemasonry to take up the study of Marxian economics. The work on Freemasonry acted as a sort of test for these hypotheses. I think this influenced the whole course of my intellectual development … As for us, we were never concerned with the Kantian-priestly and vegetarian-Quaker prattle about the “sacredness of human life”. We were revolutionaries in opposition, and have remained revolutionaries in power. To make the individual sacred, we must destroy the social order which crucifies him. And that problem can only be solved by blood and iron. The man who recognizes the revolutionary historic importance of the very fact of the existence of the Soviet system must also sanction the Red Terror.” (Quotes taken from Leon Trotsky’s autobiography, My Life: The Rise and Fall of a Dictator).
As a People’s Commissary for Military Affairs, Trotsky introduced the pentagram ― the five-pointed star ― as the symbol of the Red Army. The Cabbalists had taken over this symbol of black magic from the witches in ancient Chaldea. With the aid of Alexander Parvus, Trotsky reached the conclusion that the true purpose of Freemasonry was to eliminate the nation states and their cultures and to introduce a Judaized world state.
This is also stated in The Secret Initiation into the 33rd Degree: “Freemasonry is nothing more and nothing less than revolution in action, continuous conspiracy.” Bronstein (Trotsky) became a convinced internationalist who, through his teacher Parvus, learned that the Jewish people were their own collective ‘Messias’ and would reach domination over all peoples through the mixing of the other races and elimination of national boundaries.
An international republic was to be created, where the Jews would be the ruling element, since no others would be able to understand and control the masses. Leiba Bronstein became a member of the French Masonic lodge Art et Travail, to which Lenin also belonged, but in addition joined B’nai B’rith, according to the political scientist Karl Steinhauser (EG - Die Super-UdSSR von morgen / EU - the Super Soviet Union of Tomorrow, 1992, p. 162). Leon Trotsky became a member of the Jewish Masonic order B’nai B’rith in New York, in January 1917. (Yuri Begunov, Secret Forces in the History of Russia, 1995, pp. 138-139). He was already a member of the Misraim-Memphis Freemasonry.
Winston Churchill confirmed in 1920 that Trotsky was also an Illuminatus. (Illustrated Sunday Herald, February 8th, 1920). Trotsky eventually reached a very high position within Freemasonry, since he belonged to the Shriner Lodge, which only Freemasons of the 32nd degree and higher were allowed to join. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Alexander Kerensky, Béla Kun, and other leading politicians have also been among these select few. (Professor Johan von Leers, The Power behind the President, 1941, p. 148.)
Lenin and Freemasonry Whether Lenin was a Freemason as early as in the 1890s is not yet possible to determine, but he worked in the same way as subversive groups usually do. The Illuminati, the Grand Orient, B’nai B’rith (Sons of the Covenant), and other Masonic lodges were all interested in agitating the workers towards certain “useful” goals.
It is important to stress that Lenin and his henchmen did not work for a living. They could still afford to travel around Europe (then relatively more expensive than now) and live in luxury. These professional revolutionaries had only one task ― to agitate the workers. Lenin’s later activity shows clearly how he followed Adam Weishaupt’s line (founder of the Illuminati).
Several sources reveal that Lenin became a Freemason whilst abroad in 1908. One of these sources is a thorough investigation: Nikolai Svitkov’s About Freemasonry in Russian Exile, published in Paris in 1932. According to Svitkov, the most important Freemasons from Russia were Vladimir Ulyanov-Lenin, Leon Trotsky (Leiba Bronstein), Grigori Zinoviev (Gerson Radomyslsky), Leon Kamenev (actually Leiba Rosen-feld), Karl Radek (Tobiach Sobelsohn), Maxim Litvinov (Meyer Hennokh Wallakh), Yakov Sverdlov (Yankel-Aaron Solomon), L. Martov (Yuli Zederbaum), and Maxim Gorky (Alexei Peshkov), among others.
According to the Austrian political scientist Karl Steinhauser’s work, EG - die Super-UdSSR von morgen / The European Union - the Super Soviet Union (USSR) of Tomorrow (published in Vienna, 1992, p. 192), Lenin belonged to the Masonic lodge Art et Travail (Art and Labor). The famous British politician, Winston Churchill (also a Freemason since 1901) also confirmed that Lenin and Trotsky belonged to the circle of the Masonic and Illuminist conspirators. (Illustrated Sunday Herald, February 8th, 1920).
Lenin, Zinoviev, Radek and Sverdlov also belonged to B’nai B’rith. Researchers who are specialists in the activities of B’nai B’rith, including Schwartz-Bostunich, confirmed this information. (Viktor Ostretsov, Freemasonry, Culture and Russian History, Moscow, 1999, pp. 582-583).
Another source says that Lenin was a Freemason of the 31st degree (Grand Inspecteur Inquisiteur Commandeur) and a member of the lodge Art et Travail in Switzerland and France. (Oleg Platonov, Russia’s Crown of Thorns: The Secret History of Freemasonry, Moscow, 2000, part II, p. 417).
Together with Trotsky, Lenin took part in the International Masonic Conference in Copenhagen in 1910. (Franz Weissin, “Der Weg zum Sozialismus” / “The Road to Socialism”, Munich, 1930, p. 9.) The socialisation of Europe was on the agenda.
Alexander Galpern, then secretary of the Masonic Supreme Council, confirmed in 1916 that there were Bolsheviks among the Freemasons. According to Galpern’s testimony, the Freemasons also gave Lenin financial aid to his revolutionary activity. This was certified by a known Freemason, Grigori Aronson, in his article Freemasons in Russian Politics, published in the Novoye Russkoye Slovo (New York, October 8th-12th, 1959). The historian, Boris Nikolayevsky, also mentioned this in his book The Russian Freemasons and the Revolution (Moscow, 1990).
Radio Russia also spoke of Lenin’s activities as a Freemason in a radio program on August 12th, 1991.
Bolsheviks Close Freemason Lodges With the takeover of the revolution by Joseph Stalin, the Bolsheviks had all the lodges closed in the wake of the October Revolution in 1917. In 1995, the Grand Lodge of Russia was reconstituted under the sponsorship of the Grande Loge Nationale Française. The Grand Lodge of Russia is currently recognized by Regular Freemasonry in General, including by the United Grand Lodge of England and multiple other jurisdictions, worldwide.
Freemasonic Resurrection in the 1990s Even though Freemasonry was technically banned and in limbo, it was still operating clandestinely. Even before the so-called “Collapse of Communism” in the early 1990s, Freemasonry had its Masons in some of the highest governmental ranks. Among the ranks of Freemasonry we find several Russian leaders: Mikael Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, and Valdimir Putin—to but a few. Today there are around 500 various Masonic Lodges in Russia (not including occult organizations and Satanists Churches) with around 200,000 members. A large number of members (not less than 10,000) represent so-called “white masonry”. The leading part belongs to the club-chain “Rotary”. Other organizations of “White Masonry” are Order of Eagle, Magisterium, Reform, International Russian Club, Soros Fund. “White Freemasons” consider themselves superior and elite, and possessing special right to dominate and exploit other people. Their anti-Russian activities are of secret character.
Why did Freemasonry resurrect? It was, in a certain sense, a repeat of the Russian Revolution that over threw the Tsar back in 1917. Under Stalin’s regime, Russia was beginning to evolve into a superpower. The world rulers were panicky about how far this could go—so it was decided to ‘collapse’ Russia once again. Freemasonry would puncture that growth.
The first leak that the Russian leader, Mikael Gorbachev, was a Freemason, appeared in February 1988 in a German magazine Meer Licht and in December 1989, in the New-York newspaper New Russian Word. The latter printed pictures of Gorbachev and Bush making typical Masonic gestures. Gorbachev’s mediator with Masonic world government was George Soros ― financial dealer and Israeli Intelligence agent. He started the so-called Soros Fund in Moscow in 1987. In 1990, he sponsored the project “500 days” which ruined the Soviet economy. He also sponsored the apprenticeship of all new “independent media” specialists. He initiated the fight against the Russian national movement. Later we learned that the Soros Fund was a front organization to cover-up CIA’s destructive activity in Russia.
In 1989, Gorbachev joined the Trilateral Commission. The meeting of major architects of Perestroika took place in Moscow. They were David Rockefeller (Counsel of International Affairs), Henry Kissinger (B’nai-Brith), Giscard d’Estein and others. The Russian side was represented by Gorbachev, Yakovlev, Shevardnadze (Soviet prime-minister), Primakov (Prime-minister 1997-1998) and others.
Results of this meeting were obscure but they were cleared up at the end of that year during Gorbachev’s meeting with Bush in Malta. Many experts think that major decisions made there became lethal for USSR and led to cataclysms in Eastern Europe. It was a landmark in relations between world’s elite and Soviet ruling top who agreed to betray their motherland.
The first Masonic structure in Russia was Jewish Masonic Lodge Bnai-Brith. Gorbachev favored its opening. Its branches appeared later in other Russian cities.
Soros Fund branches also multiplied. Soros sponsored a number of anti-Russian newspapers and magazines. Russian science was infiltrated and undermined. In 1995 another Soros organization was launched ― Soros Institute called “Open Society”.
Its purpose was to cultivate social consciousness in Western-wise direction and to train new personnel in the fields of education, culture and art. “Open Society” publishes numerous books where historical facts are rudely distorted. The idea of superiority of Western culture is implanted in Russian people’s minds. Traditional Western values are imposed ― the cult of violence, viciousness, money-rush, dissipation. The size of sums directed through the Soros Fund and intended for undermining Russia are over 100 million dollars.
The coup of August 1991, that began the so-called “Collapse of Communism”, helped the world’s elite reach their goals. Organizations fostering agents of influence maintain their structures and become an important part of Yeltsin’s regime. They worked out activity programs for the new President and provided him with advisers. A legal branch of this structure “Russian House” was opened in US. It was headed by agent of influence E. Lozansky. Nevertheless, all major decisions were made in CIA and by Illuminati.
Confident of his victory Yeltsin did not try conceal the fact of his cooperation with anti-Russian organizations.
The US President, the Mason Bush, said right after the coup: “Yeltsin’s victory is our victory”. Then-director of CIA mason R. Gates made his own “victory march” in the Red Square for BBC channel.
Obviously, Yeltsin was just a CIA’s puppet. But anyway on 16 November, 1991 he was awarded a rank ― knight-commander of the Maltese Order. Without a hint of shame he poses for the cameras in his costume.
Since that time Masonic organization flourished in Russia. Their members freely circulate through the country staging their events and starting branch-lodges. New Russian Freemasonry accepted all modern principles of forming and developing. Many politicians, entrepreneurs, free-lancers who converted Masonic seek bigger freedom for their activities. They push the borders of traditional lodges and create dynamic ritual-free organizations called ‘The White Masonry”. They pursue the same goals but are represented by a variety of clubs, funds, committees and commissions. Some of them use a cover-up of spiritual organizations.
Freemasonry and CIA Masonic conspiracy stereotypes served as patterns for many intelligence services world-wide ― first of all CIA and Mossad. Developing a network of its allies and agents of influence, blackmailing, bribery, intimidation became regular methods of this two common nurtured institutions aiming at establishing of NWO. A.Dulles (Director of CIA) formulated the principle if CIA’s activity ― 10% intelligence activities (collecting and passing over information) and 90% of subversion activities. Experts estimate that out of 29 billion dollars assigned for CIA activities in 1999 around 9 billion was spent on undermining work in Russia.
Conducting undermining policy against Russian national movement, US do their best to strengthen anti-Russian trends in former Soviet Republics Russia’s regions. CIA spends around 1 billion dollars a year on these purposes. Special attention is paid to Byelorussia and Ukraine.
Freemasonry and Communism In 1995, TAN books published a booklet entitled Freemasonry―Mankind’s Hidden Enemy, by Brother Charles Madden, O.F.M. Conv. In Chapter 4, “Partisans of Evil”, we read the following:
We quoted extensively from Pope Leo XIII’s encyclical Humanum Genus (1884) in order to lay the groundwork for considering modern-day Freemasonry. We return to that encyclical in order to highlight, in this chapter, one of the important aspects of Freemasonry Pope Leo XIII pointed out over a century ago. Equating Freemasonry with the domain of Satan, using St. Augustine’s image of the two cities, the City of man and the City of God, the Pope warned that there was a coming together of the “partisans of evil”, led on in particular by Freemasonry. Now let us look at that phrase of Pope Leo XIII regarding the “partisans of evil” coming together and being led by Freemasonry. Pope Leo had warned that the Masons would abet socialist and Communist revolutions everywhere. Let us examine some history of this century.
By World War I, many European governments were dominated or heavily influenced by Freemasons. Catholic schools were closed and outlawed in some nations. In the aftermath of World War I, Communism seized control of Russia; a few years later Mussolini’s black-shirted socialists, called Fascists, took over Italy; and in 1933 the Nazi’s, though receiving less than 50% of the vote, formed a government in Germany and quickly suppressed all opposition. All of these were supported by Freemasons at the time.
Nazism (like Freemasonry and the New Age movement today) was riddled with occultism (the swastika is from ancient pagan religions). Among Nazi’s there was a fascination for ancient pagan religions of the East. Nazism also sought to revive interest in the ancient pagan religions of pre-Christian Germany, coupled with theories of racial purity and the superiority of Germans. Communism also has occultic roots. If some of Karl Marx’s writings―including his poetry―are a barometer, he was a Satanist, not an atheist. So we can see that all these “isms” have a certain commonality. Fascism in Italy, used the pagan symbols of ancient Rome.
Of late, there seems to be an increasing awareness of a coming together of Communism and Freemasonry. In fact, the co-operation between communism in the East and Freemasonry in the increasingly pagan West―with its secular humanist allies of the New Age movement―is becoming unashamedly open. A number of instances can be sited in support of this view.
In July, 1990 Fr. Robert Bradley, S.J., at a Blue Army symposium in Washington, D.C., spoke of the connection between Our Lady’s message at Fatima and Freemasonry. Though her message is known chiefly for its warning on Communism, Father Bradly makes the case that Mary was clearly advising us about Freemasonry, although neither evil is mentioned specifically by name.
The welcome temporary respite, from five decades of totalitarian rule, now being experienced in some parts of Eastern Europe has also been accompanied by an influx of Western materialism and the reconsitution of Lodges of Freemasonry throughout that region. In 30 Days magazine (July-August 1990 issue), in a piece accompanying an article on the statement of the Bishops of the Indian Ocean Episcopal Conference on the dangers of Freemasonry, we find a short review of the attempts to reactivate Masonic Lodges throughout Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R. This was prior to the dramatic events of 1991 [the demolishing of the Berlin Wall and the beginnings of the alleged ‘end’ of Communism].
In its September-October 1990 issue, 30 Days magazine ran a five page article, “From Communism to Masonry”, giving extensive treatment to the resurgence of Freemasonry in Eastern Europe and the U.S.S.R., as well as historical background on Freemasonry’s past in each country. Indeed a resurgent Evil Empire is in the making! … explaining some aspects of the Book of Revelation (the Apocalypse) concerning the Red Dragon (atheistic Communism) and the black beast arising from the sea (Freemasonry) and the work of both in promoting apostasy and idolatry. It is said that the two will reach their zenith by 1998.
A book published in 1990 by A. Ralph Epperson, The New World Order, drawing extensively on Masonic and New Age movement sources, shows the similarities and interplay between these two movements in this country [America] and their efforts to replace America’s Judaeo-Christian heritage with a brutal form of paganism, leading ultimately to the worship of Lucifer and the elimination of every vestige of Christianity.”
The above passages were taken from Freemasonry―Mankind’s Hidden Enemy, Chapter 4: “Partisans of Evil”, by Brother Charles Madden, O.F.M. Conv., published in 1995 by TAN Books.